Featured Teaching Kits
Teacher-approved stories, resources, and worksheets for teaching ancient civilizations in your middle school classroom, courtesy of Junior Scholastic magazine
“I will not be triumphed over.”
— Cleopatra VII
“I came, I saw, I conquered.”
— Julius Caesar
“The greatest joy a man can know is to conquer his enemies and drive them before him.”
— Genghis Khan, 1st Khagan of the Mongol Empire
“If a man put out the eye of another man, his eye shall be put out.”
— Hammurabi, King of Babylon
One of a tiny number of female pharaohs of Egypt who ruled from 1489 to 1469 B.C., Hatshepsut was one of the first great women to be recorded in history.
Justinian I, or Justinian the Great, ruled the Byzantine Empire from 527 to 565. The defining achievements of his reign were the compilation and consolidation of the Roman legal code, known as Justinian’s code, and the construction of the church of Hagia Sophia in Constantinople.
Hammurabi, a king of the first dynasty of Babylon, reigned from 1792 to 1750 B.C. He united Babylonia and left as his enduring monument the collection of legal pronouncements known as the “Code of Hammurabi.”
Alexander the Great
Alexander III of Macedon, known as Alexander the Great, was the king of Macedon and a renowned military commander. By the time of his death at the age of 32, his empire stretched from the Adriatic Sea to India.
Supplemental resources for teaching about ancient history in your classroom
Terms and definitions that pertain to ancient civilizations
a scientist who studies the remains of past human life
objects, such as tools or weapons, that were made by people many years in the past
a thick paper-like material made from the pith of the papyrus plant, first known to have been used in ancient Egypt (at least as far back as the First Dynasty)
to move from one area to another
a group of countries or regions that are controlled by one ruler or one government
a state that has its own government and consists of a city and the area around it
Explore Other Topics
Discover other free social studies topics and middle school teaching resources from Junior Scholastic magazine.
DeAgostini/Getty Images (Hammurabi, Emperor Justinian, Pyramids); Universal History Archive/UIG via Getty Images (Alexander the Great); mareandmare/Shutterstock.com (Hatshepsut); Nido Huebl/Shutterstock.com (Pompeii); iStockPhoto/Getty Images (Mayan pyramid); Niklas Asker (Mansa Must illustration); Mike Heath (Pompeii illustration); Meg Hunt (Cleopatra illustration)